India has been pushing for membership of the bloc for last few years and had formally moved its application in May, 16. The grouping will take up India’s application in its plenary meetings on June 24 in Seoul.

Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)
Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) is a group of nuclear supplier countries that seek to prevent nuclear proliferation by controlling the export of materials, equipment and technology that can be used to manufacture nuclear weapons. As of now, the NSG has 48 nations as its members.

What will India get by becoming member of NSG?
India will get easy access of nuclear fuel and technology from other countries. This access is crucial for development of civilian nuclear energy programme in India.

Past dealings of India with NSG
1.    It is said that NSG was set up in response to nuclear test by India in 1974.
2.    India got an exemption from the NSG for nuclear imports in 2008, following the civil nuclear deal with the U.S.
3.    In 2010, the Obama administration declared its support for India’s “full membership” of the group, but things have not moved far since.

Instances in favour of India getting NSG membership
1.    Countries such as US, France, Germany support India for membership of NSG.
2.    India has a clean record in context of nuclear proliferation and is considered a peaceful nation.

Instances against India getting membership of NSG
1.    China, acting in concert with Pakistan, has thrown a spanner in the works for India, by linking New Delhi’s candidacy to Islamabad’s. 
2.    NSG operates by consensus and all its current members are signatories to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. However, India is not a signatory of Nuclear Non-proliferation treaty.