Withdrawl of support

After the United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist-Centre) led by Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ withdrew support to K.P. Oli’s Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist)-led government last week, no-confidence motion is due to be taken up in Parliament on July 21, and the numbers are stacked against Mr. Oli.

Possible new government

The opposition Nepali Congress led by Sher Bahadur Deuba and the UCPN(M-C) have worked out an alternative arrangement to share power. Mr. Prachanda will lead the government for nine months, and Mr. Deuba will then take over for the next nine months until the scheduled parliamentary elections. If, as expected, the UCPN(M-C)-NC coalition manages to form the government with the support of smaller Madhesi parties and other groups, this would mark eight prime ministers in eight years since the creation of a new republic in 2008 .

Performance of Oli Govt.
Mr. Oli’s government had barely managed to get a grip on the reconstruction effort after the devastation of the 2015 earthquake and the instability in the federal arrangement after the turmoil in the Terai with Madhesi groups protesting against the new Constitution.

Mr. Oli had never showed any enthusiasm for a truly federal Nepal and chose to ignore the demands of Madhesi, Tharu and Janajati groups that sought greater decentralisation of power.

Possibility of recognition of demands of federal structure

The new government is expected to have representation of marginalized sections such as  Madhesi, Tharu and Janajati groups and thus is expected to accept the demands of these communities.

The most important demand being carving out the provinces according to the population so that these sections are able to form government in provinces.