For the first time, the Centre has admitted officially that the National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang), named after its Myanmar-based leader S.S. Khaplang, intensified violence in the Northeast in 2015 at the behest of the Chinese.

The admission was made by the Centre and other States before a tribunal set up early this year to adjudicate the ban on the insurgent outfit under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA).

The Ministry of Home Affairs made a written submission that the NSCN-K “obtained assistance from anti-India forces in other countries to procure arm in its struggle for the creation of a separate State.” 

The NSCN(K) broke the 14-year ceasefire with the Centre on March 27 last year by launching a string of attacks, including an ambush that killed 18 soldiers in Manipur on June 9 last year.

Need for Tribunal:

After armed attacks on Indian security forces the Centre in September 2015 moved to ban the NSCN-K. A tribunal under the UAPA, led by Delhi High Court judge Najmi Waziri, was set up.

Response by various states on ban proposed:

Nagaland was the only State which was not in favour of declaring the NSCN-K an unlawful association and sought a “peaceful political solution”.
 Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur supported the ban.

About National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang):

The NSCN-K is non state actor outfit which pursues violent activities. Itsanit-India profile can be seen by violent activities after abrogation of the ceasefire, which includes indiscriminate firing upon the personnel of Assam Rifles. 

The NSCN-K is in the process of mobilising its cadre from the Indo-Myanmar border.

The NSCN-K has also been aiding and sheltering other unlawful groups such as ULFA, NDFB and CorCom. The NSCN-K has sizeable detachments in Myanmar at various camps located in Myanmar, where its leaders and cadres are train and operate command centre. 

The NSCN-K has its cadre strength of around 700-800 militants who bear sophisticated weapons and including rocket launchers.