Indian Army conducted surgical strike across LOC
After running through a variety of non-military responses to the September 18 terrorist strike at an Army camp in Uri, the Centre announced that Indian forces had carried out “surgical strikes” across the Line of Control.

With this, India’s next steps, post-Uri, are in uncharted terrain, with New Delhi abandoning the self-proclaimed policy of “strategic restraint” adopted in the face of earlier provocations by terrorists believed to be backed by Pakistan.

Details of the surgical strike
The operation, that began and concluded in the early hours of 29th September, was claimed to be a military success, with no injuries to the Indian para-commandos who went across the LoC into Pakistan-occupied Kashmir to attack several locations.

The decision to strike in this manner was evidently taken after specific intelligence that terrorist groups were planning attacks in India.

What is surgical strike?
A surgical strike is a military attack which results in only damage to the intended legitimate military target , no or minimal collateral damage to the surrounding structures, vehicles, buildings, or the general public infrastructure and utilities.

Intensions of Centre behind the surgical strike
New Delhi declared the strikes complete shortly after the operation, with the DGMO calling his Pakistani counterpart to convey that India would not escalate the conflict beyond this.

Earlier actions by Indian Government
The government reviewed the working of the Indus Waters Treaty, Pakistan’s Most Favoured Nation status and pulled out of the SAARC heads’ meet to be held in Islamabad.

Way Forward
Having made it known that India does not want further escalation, even as people living along the International Border and the LoC are shifted to safer locations, the Centre will need to articulate what it regards as the new normal — and indeed, how it hopes, or plans, to dissuade Pakistan from escalating the situation in turn.