Seven jawans of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) were killed in a landmine explosion carried out by Maoists in Dantewada district of Chattisgarh.

Who are Maoists:

The Maoists, also known as Naxals in India, are inspired by the political philosophy of China’s late Chairman Mao Zedong. They say they are fighting for the rights of poor farmers and landless labourers.

In 2004, several Maoist groups merged to form the Communist Party of India (Maoist), which is now the largest left-wing extremist organization in the country. Their aim is to overthrow the state and usher in a classless society.

The Maoists are banned in India. They are not to be confused with the mainstream communist parties in India which regularly contest elections and follow peaceful means.

How did Naxalbari movement begin:

The peasant movement in Andhra Pradesh just after India’s independence was a precursor to the rise of Maoist thought. But it was an attack on a tribal man in the Naxalbari village of West Bengal on March 2, 1967 that sparked the violent, extremist left-wing movement.

Area of influence:

Maoists are mostly active in what has come to be known as the “red corridor” from Nepal to Andhra Pradesh. Maoists do have some sort of presence in 21 out of 29 states in India.