India is witnessing alarming rise in anti-microbial resistance (AMR).Antimicrobial resistance (AMR), including antibiotic resistance, is the resistance of a microbe to an antimicrobial medication that used to be effective in treating or preventing an infection caused by that microbe.

Out of AMR, antibiotic resistance is the most important concern. Anti-biotics resistance is developing among microbes because of the following reasons:

  1. Unnecessary use of Anti-biotics: Consumption of anti-biotics to treat viral infections such as common cough and cold. Anti-biotics work against only bacterial infections and not against viral infections.
  2. Under dosing or Over use of Anti-biotics : helps bacteria develop resistance to the anti- biotics.