After two years of deficient rainfall, the government on Monday said the monsoon this year is expected to be normal and directed states to chalk out plans to boost crop acreage and production in the kharif season starting June.

According to government, El Nino condition is declining and it is expected that La Nina condition will take over, which should favour a good monsoon this year.

Monsoon and drought:

India’s food grain production declined to 252.02 million tonnes in 2014-15 crop year (July-June) from the record 265.04 million tonnes in the previous year, due to poor monsoon.

The output is estimated to rise slightly to 253.16 in the on going 2015-16 crop year due to 14 per cent less rains. Two consecutive bad monsoons have led to farm distress and water scarcity in the country.

Last two years of drought have taken a toll on the people, grazing animals (cows, buffaloes) and government alike. Some place like Latur in Marathwada are experiencing the severest of droughts where water is being supplied by trains.

A video and write up on El Nino and La Nina will be sent in the afternoon.