Chief Minister Chandrasekhar Rao originally intended to create just 14 new districts; this was one of the election promises for the 2014 polls. Later, on the basis of the report of a Cabinet subcommittee, a draft notification was issued for 17 new districts. But after fresh demands from sections of the people, the Chief Minister finally settled on 21 new districts for a total of 31.

Advantages of more districts
The new units could facilitate better monitoring of government schemes, and provide a more even distribution of resources.

Reasons for creating new districts:
But the government’s reasons for creating new districts morphed from administrative to political. The decision to increase the number of districts was taken following the spiralling of an agitation in Jangaon, Sircilla and Gadwal.

Disadvantages of more districts:
1. Undivided Andhra Pradesh had fewer districts. Alongside the benefits in terms of ease of governance of smaller districts, there are costs to be borne: creation of additional administrative infrastructure, transfer of personnel, and replication of paperwork. 

2. The Rs. 1 crore sanctioned for each district for initial arrangements will hardly suffice. At present, the existing staff are being redeployed, and existing buildings are being utilised for administrative purposes. 

But in the longer term the State will have to incur huge expenditure to create administrative infrastructure in each new district headquarters town.