Source: The Hindu
The 45th G7 summit was held on 24–26 August 2019, in Biarritz, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France. The Group of Eight (G8) refers to the group of eight highly industrialized nations—France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, Canada and Russia—that hold an annual meeting to foster consensus on various global issues such as economic growth and crisis management, global security, energy and terrorism. In March 2014 Russia was suspended following the annexation of Crimea. Crimea was territory of Ukraine. Since then the group is called G-7
- Inclusion of Russia: American President Donald Trump and French President Emmanuel Macron has agreed that Russia should be invited to the next G7 Summit to be held in 2020.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi was special invite to G-7 summit.
Mr. Modi on sidelines of G-7 summit took assurance from Mr. Trump that he would not interfere in Kashmir issue and the issue is integral to India.
This was necessitated by the repeated references that Mr. Trump has made about U.S. mediation between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, as well as a briefing by a senior administration official last week, who said that Mr. Trump would “want to hear from Prime Minister Modi on how he plans to reduce regional tensions and uphold respect for human rights in Kashmir”. Both U.S. statements run counter to the Indian position that the withdrawal of special status to J&K under the Constitution is an “internal matter”, and the issue of Kashmir will be resolved bilaterally with Pakistan. In the event, Mr. Trump backed away from both statements.
- G7 members also discussed the Amazon fire crisis and pledged over $20 million to Brazil, but were rebuffed after a spat broke out between Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro and Mr. Macron.
It came as no surprise that the summit ended as it did: for the first time in the grouping’s 44-year old history, there was no joint communiqué.