Performance of States

Maharashtra has topped the list of states in delivering justice to people followed by Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Haryana, according to a report by Tata Trusts.

Among the small states (where population is less than one crore each), Goa has topped the list followed by Sikkim and Himachal Pradesh, it said.

Findings of the report

  1. Releasing the report, former Supreme Court judge Justice M. B. Lokur said the findings highlight very serious lacunae in the justice delivery system.
  1. As per the findings, the country, as a whole, has about 18,200 judges with about 23% sanctioned posts vacant.
  1. Women are also poorly represented in four pillars of justice delivery — police, judiciary, prisons and legal aid; constituting just seven per cent of the police.
  1. Prisons are over-occupied at 114%, where 68% are under trials awaiting investigation, inquiry or trial.
  1. Regarding budgets, most states are not able to fully utilise the funds given to them by the Centre, while the increase in spending on the police, prisons and judiciary does not keep pace with overall increase in state expenditure.
  1. The indicators, across the pillars, covered the themes like infrastructure, human resources, diversity (gender, SC/ST/OBC), budgets, workload and trends over the last five years.

About India Justice Report 2019

The India Justice Report 2019 is based on publicly available data of different government entities on the four pillars of justice delivery — police, judiciary, prisons and legal aid.

The ranking is an initiative of Tata Trusts in collaboration with Centre for Social Justice, Common Cause, Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative, DAKSH, TISS- Prayas and Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy.

Source: The Hindu

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