Coffee Board chairman M.S. Boje Gowda said this year’s Arabica yield would fall more than 50% after the torrential rains, floods and landslides during August-September last year which destroyed coffee plants in Chikkamagaluru, Hassan, Kodagu and Wayanad districts. Five years ago, India’s Arabica production was 1.5 lakh tonnes. It fell to 80,000 tonnes last year.

What is Arabica?

Coffea arabica, also known as the Arabian coffee, “coffee shrub of Arabia”, “mountain coffee” or “arabica coffee”, is a species of Coffea. It is believed to be the first species of coffee to be cultivated, and is the dominant cultivar, representing about 60% of global production. Coffee produced from the (less acidic, more bitter, and more highly caffeinated) robusta bean (C. canephora) makes up most of the remaining coffee production. Arabica coffee was first found in Yemen and documented by the 12th century. Coffea arabica is called būna in Arabic.

Source: The Hindu

Relevant for GS Prelims & Mains Paper III; Economics