Researchers discover Dracaena cambodiana in Assam’s West Karbi Anglong dist. The discovered plant yields dragon’s blood — a bright red resin used since ancient times as medicine, body oil, varnish, incense and dye. This is for the first time that a dragon tree species has been reported from India. The population size of the dragon tree species in Assam was estimated to be fewer than 50 mature individuals.
Dracaena cambodiana is an important medicinal plant as well as an ornamental tree. It is a major source of dragon’s blood, a precious traditional medicine in China. Several antifungal and antibacterial compounds, antioxidants, flavonoids, etc., have been extracted from various parts of the plant.