Disproving the Gujarat government’s claims of improving health indicators in the State, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG), in its report tabled in the State Assembly, revealed that maternal mortality rate (MMR) has been rising in the State since 2014, up from 72 in 2013-14 to 85 in 2015-16.

According to the auditor, implementation of the Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK), a Central government scheme, did not help in achieving the MMR goals in the State.

What is Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (JSSK)?
Government of India has launched Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) on 1st June, 2011. The scheme is estimated to benefit more than 12 million pregnant women who access Government health facilities for their delivery. The scheme provides various free entitlements to women and children.

What is maternal mortality rate (MMR)?
Maternal mortality ratio – the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births on account of issues related to child birth.

The maternal mortality ratio can be calculated by dividing recorded (or estimated) number of maternal deaths by total recorded (or estimated) number of live births in the same period and multiplying by 100,000.

What is infant mortality rate (IMR)?
Infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1000 live births.