Source: The Hindu

 Those excluded from the final National Register of Citizens (NRC) to be published on August 31 will get a window of 10 months to prove their citizenship before being sent to detention centres.

The publication of the register could be the start of an unprecedented complication — more of the humanitarian kind than of law and order as there are chances that many deserving citizens will not have their name in the list due to failure to produce documents.

Foreigners’ Tribunal 
Apprehending a critical situation after the NRC, the Centre had in June decided to help Assam create e-Foreigners’ Tribunals and increase the number of Foreigners’ Tribunals – quasi-judicial establishments headed by members who are lawyers and retired judges and bureaucrats – from the existing 100 to 1,000.

At least 200 of the additional Foreigners’ Tribunals are expected to be set up by September with the government already having appointed 221 new members.

Each person excluded will have a maximum of 120 days or four months from the date of publication of the final NRC to challenge his or her case at a Foreigners’ Tribunal, which has to dispose of the case within six months.

Number of expulsions from list
Of a total of 3.29 crore applicants, more than 41 lakh people were excluded from the updated NRC via two rejection lists – one published on July 30, 2018, and the other on June 26 this year. Some 3.6 lakh of the excluded did not reapply and there are speculations that at least 20 lakh of those who reapplied will end up in the final exclusion list.