The Supreme Court, pulled up Centre, States for failing to tackle drought and  said that Bihar, Gujarat and Haryana were hesitant to even acknowledge, let alone address, a drought or a drought-like situation as they had not disclosed the full facts about the conditions prevailing in their States.

The Court said, two definite conclusions could be arrived at:

First, the information provided by the State did not reflect the ground situation in districts or tehsils or blocks. Instead, it reflected the position in the entire State.

Second, it was quite clear that there was deficit rainfall in 2015 which progressively increased worsening the situation.

It also accused the Centre of taking refuge in the concept of “federalism” to pass the buck to the States.

The Supreme Court asked whether we can afford to ignore the plight of such a large population.

About Drought PIL:

It was a PIL filed by Swaraj Abhiyan seeking relief for drought-hit regions in the country. The PIL plea had alleged that parts of 12 States, such as Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Odisha, Jharkhand, Bihar, Haryana and Chhattisgarh, were hit by drought and the authorities concerned were not providing adequate relief.

What is PIL?

Public interest Litigation, means, litigation filed in a court of law, for the protection of “Public Interest”, such as Pollution, Terrorism, Road safety, Constructional hazards etc. Any matter where the interest of public at large is affected can be redressed by filing a Public Interest Litigation in a court of law. PIL can be filed by any person or organization who may not be an aggrieved party.

Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer and Justice PM. Bhagwati, honourable Judges of the Supreme Court of India are considered as pioneers PIL in India.