Findings of Niti Aayog’s School Education Quality Index ranking report
There are huge differences in the quality of school education across the country. Among 20 large States, Kerala was the best performer with a score of 76.6%, while Uttar Pradesh came in last with a score of 36.4%. However, Haryana, Assam and Uttar Pradesh showed the most improvement in their performance in School Education Quality Index 2016-17, in comparison to the base year of 2015-16.
What is the criteria of ranking?
The School Education Quality Index assesses States on the basis of learning outcomes, access, equity and infrastructure and facilities.
Performance of States on individual criteria
Tamil Nadu was the top performer in access and equity outcomes, while Karnataka led in learning outcomes. Haryana had the best infrastructure and facilities.
Among smaller States, Manipur emerged as the best performer, while Chandigarh topped the list of Union Territories. West Bengal refused to participate in the evaluation process and has not been included in the rankings.
About School Education Quality Index
The School Education Quality Index (SEQI) was developed to evaluate the performance of States and Union Territories (UTs) in the school education sector. The index aims to bring focus to education policy by providing States and UTs with a platform to identify their strengths and weaknesses and undertake requisite course corrections or policy interventions. In line with NITI Aayog’s mandate to foster the spirit of competitive and cooperative federalism, the index strives to facilitate the sharing of knowledge and best practices across States and UTs.
Aim and Purpose
SEQI aims to drive policy reforms that will improve the quality of school education. The index seeks to institutionalise a focus on enhancing education outcomes by driving improvements in learning levels, access, equity, infrastructure and governance processes.
The index recognises that school education is a subject on the Concurrent List and that State-level leadership is crucial for improving outcomes in a cost-effective manner. The index will serve as a regular and transparent review of the status of school education quality across the States and UTs.
Developed through a collaborative process including key stakeholders such as MHRD, the World Bank and sector experts, the index consists of 30 critical indicators that assess the delivery of quality education.
Index categories and Domains
SEQI is based on a set of indicators that measure the overall effectiveness, quality and efficiency of the Indian school education system. The index encourages States/UTs to improve their scores by showing progress across these aspects.
Summary of Index Categories and Domains
|Category||Domain||Number of indicators||Total weight|
|1. Outcomes||1.1 Learning Outcomes||3||360|
|1.2 Access Outcomes||3||100|
|1.3 Infrastructure & Facilities for Outcomes||3||25|
|1.4 Equity Outcomes||7||200|
|2. Governance Processes Aiding Outcomes||Covering student and teacher attendance, teacher availability, administrative adequacy, training, accountability and transparency||14||280|
To facilitate like-to-like comparisons, States and UTs have been grouped as Large States, Small States and Union Territories. Within each of these groups, the indicator values have been appropriately scaled, normalized and weighted to generate an overall performance score and ranking for each State and UT.
States and UTs are ranked on their overall performance in the reference year 2016-17, as well as on the change in their performance between the reference year and base year (2015-16). The rankings present incredible insights on the status of school education across States/UTs and their relative progress over time.
Source: The Hindu and Niti Aayog