Day and night Test Matches
Test matches have also adopted day and night format. Test match is considered as the ultimate yardstick to judge a team’s resilience and a player’s greatness. The pressing need to retain interest in test matches led to day and night format and the debut game featured Australia and New Zealand at Adelaide in 2015. However, India was reluctant and it was in sync with its earlier hesitation to accept the Decision Review System and Twenty20s.
But BCCI’s latest president Sourav Ganguly has swept aside the reservations. Kolkata’s Eden Gardens has hosted the nation’s inaugural day and night Test between Indian and Bangladesh from November 22 to 26, the last encounter of a two-match series. Day and night format enable people to watch match after their daily routine and thus, result in high number of viewers.
However, there are reservations that day and night format is tiring for the players and they do not get adequate rest when they play in such format.
Use of Pink cricket ball
Pink balls were developed to enable Tests and first-class matches played at night. The red ball is unsuited to night tests due to poor visibility, and the white ball is unsuited to first-class cricket because it deteriorates rapidly and cannot be used for eighty overs as specified in the rules, so the pink ball was designed to provide a satisfactory compromise on both issues.
It is still considered more difficult to see than a white ball; and the leather is more heavily dyed than a red ball, which better preserves its colour and visibility as it wears but also gives it slightly different wear characteristics. It has performed well enough in testing and first-class cricket to be approved for use in international cricket. Other colours were also experimented with, such as yellow and orange (glowing composite), for improved night visibility, but pink proved to be the preferred option. India is paying first test match with the pink ball in Kolkatta.
Relevant for GS Prelims & Mains Paper III; Science & Technology