Bill to support Human Rights and democracy

The U.S. Senate unanimously adopted legislation supporting “human rights and democracy” in Hong Kong and threatening to revoke its special economic status.

What are the provisions?

  1. The lawmakers also approved a measure that would ban the sale of tear gas, rubber bullets and other equipment that have been used by security forces to suppress protests for nearly six months.

  2. The Senate’s Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act would also require the U.S. President to annually review the favourable trade status that Washington grants to Hong Kong.

  3. It also mandates sanctions against Hong Kong and Chinese officials who commit human rights abuses including “extra-judicial rendition”.

Passage of the Bill marks “an important step in holding accountable those Chinese and Hong Kong government officials responsible for Hong Kong’s eroding autonomy and human rights violations”.

Protests ongoing in Hong kong

The pro-democracy movement was ignited in June when millions took to streets in opposition to a now-abandoned attempt to allow extraditions from Hong Kong to the mainland. The protests and resulting crackdowns have turned parts of Hong Kong into violent battlegrounds for weeks.

Source: The Hindu

Relevant for GS Prelims & Mains Paper II; IOBR